CHILDREN FROM AGE 1 TO AGE 2
you expect of children
from 1 to 2 years old?
first and second
Energetic (walk more
steadily, run, push,
pull, take apart, carry, and climb on and grab
Busy (like to flip light
switches, pour things
in and out of containers, unwrap packages, and empty
What do they
Like to imitate the
sounds and actions of
others (by pretending to do housework or yardwork,
Want to be independent
and do it themselves
(and express this by saying "No!").
Can be clingy.
Can have relatively short
if not involved in an activity.
Add variations to their
physical skills (by
walking back-wards or sideways, for example).
Begin to see how they are
like and unlike
Become more sensitive to
the moods of others.
Play alone or alongside
vocabularies from about 2 or
3 words to about 250 words and understand more of
what people say to them.
A safe environment for
Opportunities to make
their own choices (Do
you want the red cup or the blue one?).
Clear and reasonable
Opportunities to use big
muscles (in the arms
and legs, for example).
manipulate small objects,
such as puzzles and stackable toys.
Activities that allow
them to touch, taste,
smell, hear, and see new things.
Chances to learn about
"cause and effect"--that
things they do produce certain results (when a stack
of blocks gets too
high it will fall over).
Opportunities to develop
and practice their
Chances to learn about
kindness and caring
about others' feelings.
HOW TO TURN EVERYDAY
all daily routines can be
for a growing baby. For instance,
even something as simple as shopping
can turned into a valuable
experience to help your child learn.
good for teaching new words and
introducing preschoolers to new
you'll need is a short shopping
And here's what to do!
is one of many ways to surround
with meaningful talk. They need to
hear a lot of words in order to
to communicate themselves. It's
particularly helpful when you talk
the -here and now- (things that are
going on in front of your child.)
a time when neither you nor your
is hungry or tired.
the grocery store, put your
child in the
grocery cart so that he faces
you. Take your time as you walk
up and down
about what you are seeing and
we're going to buy some
cereal. See, it's in a big red
and blue box. Listen
to the great noise it makes
when I shake the box. Can you
shake the box?
Now we're going to pay for the
groceries. We'll put them on
while I get out the money. The
cashier will tell us how much
we have to
your child feel the items you
carton of milk, for example, or
the skin of an orange. Talk to
about the items. The skin of
the orange is rough and bumpy.
feel the skin?
sure to name objects you see on
your child touch a soft sweater
on a hat or a mitten. Find a
mirror so he can see himself.
Talk as you
go. Feel how soft the
sweater is. Who's that in the
mirror? Is that
your child practice his hi's
on clerks and other shoppers on
talking, keep moving, and let
this store we need to buy some
buttons. You can hold the
cloth next to
the buttons so I can find the
right color. Putting your
in the right position can help
him learn to understand your
for home before your child gets
USE THE MAGIC OF
TO STIMULATE TALKING
can be fascinating. Children know
that puppets are not alive. And yet,
they move and talk like real living
things. Children respond to puppets,
and making your own puppet is quick
and easy. With a little imagination
your puppet can give your child a
start on tomorrow. Try making
one at home.
you'll need for your puppet are...
here's what to do...
old clean sock
(larger than 1 inch in diameter
use your puppet...
puppet. Use an old clean
Sew on buttons for eyes and
nose. Paste or sew on a piece of
for the mouth. Put a bow made
from ribbon at the neck.
puppets. Cut the ends off
fingers of an old glove. Draw
faces on the fingers with
Glue yarn on for hair.
provide the means to talk to
in a non threatening or authorative
manner, and that helps encourage
to speak more easily. Puppets can
also help children learn new words,
their imaginations, and develop
their hand and finger coordination.
the puppet talk to your child. Hello.
name is Tanya. What a great
T-shirt you have on! I like
the rabbit on
the front of your T-shirt. (change
your voice when the puppet
the puppet sing a simple song
your voice when the puppet
your child to speak to the
finger puppets on your child to
practice moving his fingers one
at a time.
next time you want help cleaning
the puppet make the request:
Hello, Maria. Let's put these
in the box and these toys back
on the shelves. Can you get me
you are stimulating children to
speak, always remember...
will make many mistakes when
learn to talk.
of correcting them directly,
by using the right grammar. For
example, if your child says, Michael
it, reply, Yes, David,
Michael did it.
slowly and clearly so the child
imitate your speech.
full, but short sentences, and
FOR LARGER MUSCLES
love to explore spaces and climb
over, through, and into things.
you'll need for this activity are...
what you do!
animal or toy
large plastic laundry basket
skills help children gain control
their large muscles. They also help
children learn important concepts
as up, down, inside, outside, over,
jump. Give your toddler
pillows to jump into. Toddlers
usually figure out how to do
this one on
car. Give your toddler a
grocery box to push around the
room. He may want to take his
or toy for a ride in it. If the
box isn't too high--you'll most
find your toddler in there, too!
Sit about 3 feet away from
your toddler and hold out a
large plastic laundry basket.
Let him try throwing
a ball into the basket.
tent. Cover a table with a
that's big enough to reach the
ground on all sides. This makes
playhouse that's particularly
good for a rainy day. Watch out
bells. Sew bells onto
that will fit comfortably around
your child's ankles. Then watch
to) the fun while he moves about
or jumps up and down.
|Article Source -
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