CHILDREN FROM AGE 1 TO AGE 2
you expect of children from 1 to 2 years old?
first and second birthdays, they...
- Energetic (walk more
steadily, run, push, pull, take apart, carry, and
climb on and grab things).
- Busy (like to flip
light switches, pour things in and out of
containers, unwrap packages, and empty drawers).
What do they
- Like to imitate the
sounds and actions of others (by pretending to do
housework or yardwork, for example).
- Want to be
independent and do it themselves (and express this
by saying "No!").
- Can be clingy.
- Can have relatively
short attention spans if not involved in an
- Add variations to
their physical skills (by walking back-wards or
sideways, for example).
- Begin to see how they
are like and unlike other children.
- Become more sensitive
to the moods of others.
- Play alone or
alongside other toddlers.
- Increase their
vocabularies from about 2 or 3 words to about 250
words and understand more of what people say to
- A safe environment
- Opportunities to make
their own choices (Do you want the red cup or the
- Clear and reasonable
- Opportunities to use
big muscles (in the arms and legs, for example).
- Opportunities to
manipulate small objects, such as puzzles and
- Activities that allow
them to touch, taste, smell, hear, and see new
- Chances to learn
about "cause and effect"--that things they do
produce certain results (when a stack of blocks gets
too high it will fall over).
- Opportunities to
develop and practice their language skills.
- Chances to learn
about kindness and caring about others' feelings.
HOW TO TURN EVERYDAY
all daily routines can be
educational for a growing baby. For
instance, even something as simple
as shopping can turned into a
valuable experience to help your
child learn. It's especially good
for teaching new words and
introducing preschoolers to new
people and places.
you'll need is a short shopping
list. And here's what to do!
is one of many ways to surround
children with meaningful talk. They
need to hear a lot of words in order
to learn to communicate themselves.
It's particularly helpful when you
talk about the -here and now-
(things that are going on in front
of your child.)
a time when neither you nor your
child is hungry or tired.
the grocery store, put your
child in the grocery cart so
that he faces you. Take your
time as you walk up and down the
about what you are seeing and
doing: First, we're going to
buy some cereal. See, it's in
a big red and blue box. Listen
to the great noise it makes
when I shake the box. Can you
shake the box? Now we're going
to pay for the groceries.
We'll put them on the counter
while I get out the money. The
cashier will tell us how much
we have to pay.
your child feel the items you
buy--a cold carton of milk, for
example, or the skin of an
orange. Talk to your child about
the items. The skin of the
orange is rough and bumpy. Can
Rochelle feel the skin?
sure to name objects you see on
a shopping trip.
your child touch a soft sweater
or try on a hat or a mitten.
Find a mirror so he can see
himself. Talk as you go. Feel
how soft the sweater is. Who's
that in the mirror? Is that
your child practice his hi's
and bye-byes on clerks
and other shoppers on your
talking, keep moving, and let
your child help.In
this store we need to buy some
buttons. You can hold the
cloth next to the buttons so I
can find the right color.
Putting your toddler's hands in
the right position can help him
learn to understand your
for home before your child gets
USE THE MAGIC OF
TO STIMULATE TALKING
can be fascinating. Children know
that puppets are not alive. And yet,
they move and talk like real living
things. Children respond to puppets,
and making your own puppet is quick
and easy. With a little imagination
your puppet can give your child a
head start on tomorrow. Try
making one at home.
you'll need for your puppet are...
here's what to do...
old clean sock
(larger than 1 inch in diameter
to prevent swallowing)
use your puppet...
puppet. Use an old clean
sock. Sew on buttons for eyes
and nose. Paste or sew on a
piece of red fabric for the
mouth. Put a bow made from
ribbon at the neck.
puppets. Cut the ends off
the fingers of an old glove.
Draw faces on the fingers with
felt-tipped pens. Glue yarn on
provide the means to talk to
children in a non threatening or
authorative manner, and that helps
encourage them to speak more easily.
Puppets can also help children learn
new words, use their imaginations,
and develop their hand and finger
the puppet talk to your child. Hello.
name is Tanya. What a great
T-shirt you have on! I like
the rabbit on the front of
your T-shirt. (change your
voice when the puppet talks).
the puppet sing a simple song
(change your voice when the
your child to speak to the
finger puppets on your child to
give him practice moving his
fingers one at a time.
next time you want help cleaning
up, have the puppet make the
request: Hello, Maria. Let's
put these crayons back in the
box and these toys back on the
shelves. Can you get me the
you are stimulating children to
speak, always remember...
will make many mistakes when
they learn to talk.
of correcting them directly,
reply by using the right
grammar. For example, if your
child says, Michael done it,
reply, Yes, David, Michael
slowly and clearly so the child
can imitate your speech.
full, but short sentences, and
avoid baby talk.
FOR LARGER MUSCLES
love to explore spaces and climb
over, through, and into things.
you'll need for this activity are...
what you do!
animal or toy
large plastic laundry basket
skills help children gain control
over their large muscles. They also
help children learn important
concepts such as up, down, inside,
outside, over, and under.
jump. Give your toddler
some pillows to jump into.
Toddlers usually figure out how
to do this one on their own!
car. Give your toddler a
large grocery box to push around
the room. He may want to take
his stuffed animal or toy for a
ride in it. If the box isn't too
high--you'll most likely find
your toddler in there, too!
Sit about 3 feet away from your
toddler and hold out a large
plastic laundry basket. Let him
try throwing a ball into the
tent. Cover a table with a
sheet that's big enough to reach
the ground on all sides. This
makes a great playhouse that's
particularly good for a rainy
day. Watch out for bumped heads!
bells. Sew bells onto
elastic that will fit
comfortably around your child's
ankles. Then watch (and listen
to) the fun while he moves about
or jumps up and down.
|Article Source -
U.S. Department of Education.
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