CHILDREN FROM AGE 2 TO AGE 3
you expect of children from 2 to 3 years old?
What do 2 to
3 year old children need?
- Becoming more aware
of others and their own feelings.
- Often stubborn and
may have temper tantrums.
- Developing a great
interest in other children and enjoy being near them
(although they are usually self-centered).
- Able to jump, hop,
roll, and climb.
- Developing an
interest in pretend play--playing at keeping house,
for example, or pretending to cook and care for a
- Expanding their
vocabularies (from about 250 to 1,000 words during
- Putting together 2,
3, and 4-word sentences.
age require opportunities to...
- Develop hand
coordination (with puzzles or large beads to string
or by scribbling, for example).
- Do more things for
themselves, such as putting on clothing.
- Sing, talk, and
develop their language.
- Play with other
- Try out different
ways to move their bodies.
- Do things in the
community, such as taking walks and visiting
libraries, museums, informal restaurants, parks,
beaches, and zoos.
a way to communicate that all
children understand. It's not
necessary for them to follow the
words to a song. It makes them happy
just to hear the comfort in your
voice or on the recording or to
dance to a peppy tune.
What you'll need
makers (rattles, a can filled
with beans or buttons, empty
toilet paper rolls, pots, pans,
Here's what to do!
a lullaby to a cranky infant.
children approach their first
birthdays, they begin to like
making music themselves. Have
them try banging a wooden
spoon on pots, pans, or
plastic bowls; shaking a large
rattle or shaking a plastic
container filled with beans,
buttons, or other noisy items
(make sure the container is
securely closed); and blowing
through empty toilet paper
toddlers pass their first
birthdays, they can actively
participate in nursery rhymes,
even if they can't recite the
words. They can imitate hand
movements, clap, or hum along.
preschoolers become more
encourage them to move to the
music. They can twirl, spin,
jump up and down, tiptoe, or
are some tips for getting
young children to sing:
music to your children early.
Listening to you sing will help them
learn to make their voices go up and
down--even if you can't carry a
tune! Music and dance teach
preschoolers to listen, to
coordinate hand and finger
movements, and to express themselves
yourself. Sing fairly slowly
so children join in and
enjoy themselves. Discourage
with simple chanting. Pick a
simple melody, such as Mary
Had A Little Lamb, and
la, la. Add the words later.
Reading To Your
single most important way for
children to develop the knowledge
they need to succeed in reading is
for you to read aloud to
them--beginning early. What you'll
what to do!
(preferably a sturdy one).
pencils, crayons, markers.
ability to read and understand makes
for better students and leads to
better job opportunities and a
lifetime of enjoyment.
aloud to your child every day.
From birth to 6 months your baby
probably won't understand what
you're reading, but that's okay.
You can get her used to the
sound of your voice and get her
used to seeing and touching
start out, use board books with
no words or just a few words.
Point to the colors and the
pictures and say their names.
Simple books can teach children
things that will later help them
learn to read. For example, they
learn about the structure of
language--that there are spaces
between the words and that the
print goes from left to right.
stories. Encourage your child to
ask questions and talk about the
story. Ask her to predict what
will come next. Point to things
in books that she can relate to
in her own life: Look at the
picture of the penguin. Do you
remember the penguin we saw at
for reading programs. If you
aren't a good reader, programs
in your community like Even
Start can provide opportunities
for you to improve your own
reading and to read with your
child. Friends and relatives can
also read to your child, and
senior citizen volunteers are
available in many communities to
do the same.
a children's dictionary--if
possible, one that has pictures
next to the words. Then start
the let's look it up
writing materials available.
educational TV. Programs such as
Sesame Street and Mr. Rogers'
Neighborhood help your child
learn the alphabet and the
sounds they represent.
the library often. Begin making
weekly trips to the library when
your child is very young. See
that your child gets her own
library card as soon as
possible. Many libraries issue
cards to children as soon as
they can print their names
(you'll have to countersign for
yourself. What you do sets an
example for your child.
children love to play with dough.
And no wonder! They can squish and
pound it and form it into
fascinating shapes. To make it at
home you will need the following...
teaspoons cream of tartar.
tablespoons cooking oil.
extracts (almond, vanilla,
lemon, or peppermint).
to stick in the dough (popsicle
sticks, straws ).
to pound with (like a toy
to make impressions with (jar
lids, cookie cutters, or bottle
here's what to do!
dough is a great way to develop
hand muscles and be creative. And
cooking together, with all the
measuring, is the perfect way to
begin learning mathematics.
Letting your child handle some
dough while it is still slightly
warm and some when it has cooled
off is a terrific way to teach him
about temperatures. Play dough can
be made ahead of time and stored
in an air-tight bag or container.
the food coloring to the
water. Then mix all of the
ingredients together in a pan.
over medium heat, stirring
until it forms a soft ball.
the mixture cool. Knead
slightly. Add food extracts to
different chunks of the dough
if you want different smells.
some to your toddler or
preschooler so he can pound
it, stick things in it, make
impressions in it, and create
all kinds of things.
|Article Source -
U.S. Department of Education.
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