CHILDREN FROM AGE 4 TO AGE 5
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have a wonderful website that
offers a broad range of toys
for everyone. Your customer
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I appreciate all your help in
recent years. You are
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should you expect of children
from 4 to 5 years old?
Children this age...
What do 4
and 5 years old children need?
- Are active and have
lots of energy.
- May be aggressive in
- Can show extremes from
being loud and adventurous to acting
shy and dependent.
- Enjoy more group
activities because they have longer
- Like making faces and
- May form cliques with
friends and can be bossy.
- May change friendships
- May brag and engage in
name-calling during play.
- May experiment with
swear words and bathroom words.
- Can be very imaginative
and like to exaggerate.
- Have better control in
running, jumping, and hopping but
tend to be clumsy.
- Are great talkers and
- Love to use words in
rhymes, nonsense, and jokes.
Children this age need
- Experiment and discover
- Use blunt-tipped
scissors, crayons, and put together
simple jigsaw puzzles.
- Practice outdoor play
- Develop their growing
interest in academic things, such as
science and mathematics, and
activities that involve exploring
- Group items that are
similar (for example, by size).
- Stretch their
imaginations and curiosity.
- See how reading and
writing are useful (for example, by
listening to stories and poems,
dictating stories to adults, and by
talking with other children and
activities are the best way to
introduce your preschooler to
mathematics! What you'll need
(optional) are blocks and dice or
Here's what to do!
- Talk a lot about
numbers and use number concepts in
daily routines with your
preschooler. For example:
Talk about numbers that
matter most to your preschooler--her
age, her address, her phone number,
her height and weight. Focusing on
these personal numbers helps your
child learn many important math
- Cooking. Let's
divide the cookie dough into two
parts so we can bake some now
and put the rest into the
- Home projects. We're
going to hang this picture 6
inches above the bookshelf in
- Home chores. How
many plates do we need on the
table? One for Mommy, one for
Daddy, and one for Jenny.
for your child to learn math. For
- Time (hours, days,
months, years; older, younger;
yesterday, today, tomorrow). To a
young child, you might say, At
2 o'clock we will take a nap.
When you plan with an older
preschooler (4 or 5 years old),
you could point out, It's only
3 days until we go to Grandma's
house. Let's put an X on the
calendar so we'll know the day
- Lengths (inches,
feet; longer, taller, shorter). This
ribbon is too short to go around
the present for Aunt Susan.
Let's cut a longer ribbon.
- Weight (ounces,
pounds, grams; heavier, lighter;
how to use scales). You
already weigh 30 pounds. I can
hardly lift such a big girl.
- Where you live
(addresses, telephone numbers). These
shiny numbers on our apartment
door are 2-1-4. We live in
apartment number 214. Or When
you go to play at Terry's house,
take this note along with you.
It's our phone number: 555-5555.
Some day soon you will know our
phone number so you can call me
when you are at your friend's.
It's best not to use drills or
arithmetic worksheets with young
children. These can make children
dislike math because they don't fit
with the way they learn math
- Blocks can teach
children to classify objects by
color and shape. Blocks can also
help youngsters learn about depth,
width, height, and length.
- Games that have
scoring, such as throwing balls
into a basket, require children to
count. Introduce games like
dominoes or rolling dice. Have
your child roll the dice and count
the dots. Let her try to roll for
matches. Count favorite toys.
- Books often have
number themes or ideas.
Learning to get along with
others is very important. Children who
are kind, helpful, patient, and loving
generally do better in school. Here's
what you should do!
Children need good
social skills. Teachers and other
children will enjoy your youngster's
company if he gets along well with
- Let your child know
that you are glad to be his mommy or
daddy. Give him personal attention
and encouragement. Set aside time
when you and your child can do fun
things together. Your happy feelings
toward your child will help him feel
good about himself.
- Set a good example.
Show your preschooler what it means
to get along with others and to be
respectful. Say please and thank
you. Treat people in ways that
show you care what happens to them.
Ask for things in a friendly way. Be
kind to and patient with other
- Help your child find
ways to solve conflicts with others.
Help your child figure out what will
happen if he tries to settle his mad
feelings by hitting a playmate: James,
I know that Tiffany took your toy
truck. But if you hit Tiffany and
you have a big fight, then Tiffany
will have to go home, and the two
of you won't be able to play any
more today. What is another way
that you can let Tiffany know you
want your truck back? James
might decide to tell Tiffany that
he's mad, and that he wants his
truck back. Or he might let Tiffany
play with his truck for 5 minutes
with the hope that Tiffany will then
give it back. Listening to your
children's problems will often be
all that is needed for them to solve
their own problems.
- Make opportunities to
share and to care. Let your child
take charge of providing food for
hungry birds. When a new family
moves into the neighborhood, let
your preschooler help make cookies
to welcome them.
- Be physically
affectionate. Children need hugs,
kisses, an arm over the shoulder,
and a pat on the back.
- Tell your child that
you love him. Don't assume that your
loving actions will speak for
themselves (although those are very
important). Teach your child the
international hand sign for I Love
You. You can Sign each other love as
he leaves home for his first day of
Most 4 to 5 years olds
like to talk and have a lot to say.
They generally can't write down words
themselves, but they enjoy dictating a
story to you. What you'll need for
And here's what to
- A paper punch.
- Blunt-tipped scissors.
- Pencil, pen, crayons.
- Yarn, pipe cleaners, or
Making this book
will help your child develop his
language skills and give him more
practice using the small muscles in his
hands. Your 4 to 5 year old will also
love having your undivided attention.
- Make a booklet of five
or six pages. Your child can help
punch holes close to one edge and
thread yarn through the holes to
keep the pages together. You can
also bind the book with twisted pipe
cleaners, or staple the pages
- On the outside cover,
write your child's name. Explain to
him that this is going to be a book
- Let your child decide
what will go on each page. Write it
down. Examples: Other people in my
family. My favorite toys. My
favorite books. My friends. My pet.
My neighborhood. My home (or my
bedroom). My own drawings.