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What You Should Know About The Common Cold In A Daycare Setting

Everything you
                    should know about the common cold in a daycare

The common cold is caused by many different types of viruses. Usual symptoms can include sore throat, runny nose and watering eyes, sneezing, chills, and a general, all-over achiness. 

Colds may be spread when a well person breathes in germs that an infected person has coughed, sneezed, or breathed into the air or when a well person comes in direct contact with the nose, mouth, or throat secretions of an infected person (for example, when a well person's hands touch a surface that the infected person has coughed or sneezed on). 

Colds And Daycare - A Guide for Daycare Providers

To Prevent The Spread Of Colds: 

To prevent the spread of a cold, the single most important thing you can do is, make sure that all children and adults use good handwashing practices. There are 5 simple steps to washing hands properly.
  1. Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.
  2. Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Be sure to lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
  3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the "Happy Birthday" song from beginning to end twice.
  4. Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.
  5. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.
Besides Proper Hand Washing:
  • Clean and disinfect all common surfaces and toys on a daily basis.
  • Make sure the child care facility is well ventilated, either by opening windows or doors or by using a ventilation system to periodically exchange the air inside the child care facility.
  • Make sure that children are not crowded together, especially during naps on floor mats or cots.
  • Teach children to cover coughs and wipe noses using disposable tissues in a way that secretions are contained by the tissues and do not get on their hands.
Excluding children with mild respiratory infections, including colds, is generally not recommended as long as the child can participate comfortably and does not require a level of care that would jeopardize the health and safety of other children. Such exclusion is of little benefit since viruses are likely to be spread even before symptoms have appeared.

Cold Facts

Antibiotics cannot cure the common cold, one of the most frequent reasons children miss school and adults miss work. Every year, adults have an average of 23 colds, and children have even more.

More than 200 viruses can cause the common cold, and infections can spread from person to person through the air and close personal contact. Antibiotics do not work against these viruses and do not help you feel better if you have a cold. Rhinovirus is the most common type of virus that causes colds.

Signs and Symptoms:

When germs that cause colds first infect the nose and sinuses (air-filled pockets in the face), the nose makes clear mucus. This helps wash the germs from the nose and sinuses. After two or three days, mucus may change to a white, yellow, or green color. This is normal and does not mean you or your child needs antibiotics.

Other signs and symptoms of the common cold can include:

  • Sneezing
  • Stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Coughing
  • Post-nasal drip (mucus dripping down your throat)
  • Watery eyes
  • Mild headache
  • Mild body aches

These symptoms usually peak within 2-3 days but can last for up to 10-14 days.

A healthcare professional should be seen if the child has any of the following symptoms:

  • Symptoms that last more than 10 days without improvement
  • Symptoms that are severe or unusual

If the child is younger than three months of age and has a fever, its important to call a healthcare professional right away.

Article Source - U.S. Departments Of  HHS and CDC
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